Watershed Management and Planning
Sheridan Watershed Management Plan
Lake Sheridan is a 95-acre impoundment located in Lackawanna and Wyoming Counties, Pennsylvania. The water quality in Lake Sheridan was severely deteriorated due to algal blooms, aquatic weeds, low dissolved oxygen levels and the excessive accumulation of sediments.
F. X. Browne, Inc. assisted the Lake Sheridan Cottagers Association to prepare a Growing Greener grant application to perform a watershed assessment on the Lake Sheridan Watershed. Using the Growing Greener funds, a detailed watershed management, restoration, and protection plan was created. The watershed management plan was created using data collected by a comprehensive inventory of watershed problem areas throughout the 59 square mile Lake Sheridan Watershed.
F. X. Browne, Inc. and the Lackawanna and Wyoming County Conservation District conducted meetings with individual farmers and land-owners where non-point sources were identified. Three information brochures were developed to circulate throughout the Lake Sheridan Cottagers’ Association members.
Swiftwater Lake is a 20-acre impoundment located in Paradise Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. In recent years the lake has experienced water quality problems including increased sedimentation, excessive aquatic plant growth, and algae blooms. The lake was dredged in the spring of 1997 in an attempt to improve water quality conditions in the lake. After dredging was complete, Lake Swiftwater Club, Inc. commissioned F. X. Browne, Inc. to collect baseline water quality data in Swiftwater Lake and its main tributary, Swiftwater Creek, to better detect future water quality problems.
F. X. Browne, Inc. was hired by the Lake Swiftwater Club to develop and implement a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL), reduce point and non-point source pollution, and protect water quality in Swiftwater Lake.
F. X. Browne, Inc. developed a detailed watershed management plan. Past wastewater discharge records were evaluated to determine point source loadings entering the lake, and watershed and land use investigations were performed to identify and prioritize upstream non-point source pollution.
Joseph Sayers Lake Watershed Management Plan
Foster Joseph Sayers Lake, a 1730 acre impoundment in Centre County, is located in central Pennsylvania. The lake is located approximately 20 miles northeast of State College and is owned and managed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers - Baltimore District (COE). It is a very important natural resource for the residents of Centre County and surrounding areas.
The Foster Joseph Sayers Lake watershed assessment project involved collecting lake data, analyzing lake and stream data, evaluating lake and watershed characteristics, performing watershed investigations, developing pollutant budgets for the lake, and developing a comprehensive lake and watershed management plan. The pollutant budgets (phosphorus, nitrogen, and suspended solids) will be determined for the major subdrainage areas that comprise the Foster Joseph Sayers Lake watershed. The final product of this proposal was a report which addressed the ecological health of the lake, identified the major sources of non-point pollution to the lake, prioritized the major sources of non-point pollution to the lake, and provided a technically-sound management plan in order to reduce non-point source pollution to the contributory streams and subsequently the lake.
Tobyhanna & Tunkhannock Creek Watershed
The Tobyhanna and Tunkhannock Creek watersheds comprise 125 square miles of privately and publicly owned lands in the Pocono Plateau. The entire watershed drains into the Lehigh River and is located within Monroe, Wayne, and Carbon Counties, Pennsylvania. The unique geology and the geographic location of the watershed provide exceptional water quality and globally rare wildlife habitats. The water quality and water resources in this area have been increasingly threatened by the pressures and impacts of residential and commercial development.
With the assistance of F. X. Browne, Inc.,
the Tobyhanna Creek/Tunkhannock Creek Watershed Association (TCTCWA) obtained
Growing Greener funding to develop a watershed management and protection plan.
The Watershed Management Plan included the following elements:
Cooks Creek Riparian Restoration
F. X. Browne, Inc. developed a riparian restoration prioritization index to evaluate and rank potential riparian restoration projects within the Cooks Creek watershed. F. X. Browne, Inc. created a watershed GIS to analyze riparian prioritization, evaluate buffers, rank riparian parcels and identify riparian landowners. A list of riparian landowners in the watershed was assembled using tax maps and/or GIS data. The list included all owners of land that directly border any perennial or intermittent streams that appear on USGS 7.5 minute quadrangle maps. The list was then prioritized by parcel size and potential need for restoration.
Walker Creeks Watershed Inventory
F. X. Browne, Inc. was selected by the Twin and Walker Creeks Watershed Conservancy to perform watershed investigations in order to identify sources of non-point source pollution throughout the entire watershed area and to develop a watershed management plan. Watershed problems were documented by writing descriptions of the problem areas, taking photographs, and locating the problem areas on a watershed map. Community maps were also obtained to allow accurate location of stormwater problems within the lake communities. Alternative methods for restoring and protecting the water quality in the lakes and streams of the watershed were thoroughly discussed and evaluated. F. X. Browne, Inc. developed a comprehensive non-point source pollution problem area map for the Twin and Walker Creeks Watershed. The map indicates the identified problem areas by “type” (i.e. stormwater, agricultural, streambank/shoreline/bank erosion, etc.) with numbers corresponding to a prioritized table.
Lake Watershed Assessment
F. X. Browne, Inc. was retained by the Friends of Prompton State Park to perform watershed studies to identify potential sources of non-point source pollution throughout the lake’s watershed and to develop a watershed management plan. Volunteers were divided into groups and were assigned to assess and document specific portions of the watershed. Watershed inventories were performed by walking along reaches of streams and driving around the watershed area during both “dry periods” and storm events. Watershed problems were documented by writing descriptions of the problem areas, taking photographs, and locating the problem areas on a watershed map. Information obtained during the watershed tours were used to recommend restoration alternative methods with respect to cost, effectiveness, environmental impacts, and their applicability to the Prompton Lake watershed area. The final outcome of the project was a comprehensive watershed management plan for the Prompton Lake watershed.
Harmony Watershed Assessment
F. X. Browne, Inc. was chosen by the Lake Harmony Concerned Citizens to assist them with a Watershed Assessment of Lake Harmony. Watershed investigations were performed by trained volunteers to identify potential sources of non-point source pollution throughout the watershed. The first step in the watershed investigation was to meet and discuss known problem areas and those areas thought to be most vulnerable to non-point source pollution. Volunteers assessed and documented specific portions of the watershed, concentrating on the areas identified as known or vulnerable problem areas. Watershed investigations were performed by walking along suspected areas and driving around the watershed area during both “dry periods” and storm events. Watershed problems were documented by writing descriptions of the problem areas, taking photographs, and locating the problem areas on a watershed map using a handheld GPS. We developed a comprehensive watershed management plan for Lake Harmony.
Bushkill Creek Watershed Assessment
The Bushkill Stream Conservancy contracted with F. X. Browne, Inc. to assist them in obtaining Growing Greener funds and performing a watershed assessment of Bushkill Creek. Four stream monitoring stations were established along Bushkill Creek. Automated water samplers with both water sampling and flow monitoring/logging capabilities were installed at the four stations. The automated samplers were equipped with modems for telecommunication with Lafayette College for real-time data collection and ease of system operation. Stream water quality samples were collected four times seasonally for analysis.
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